The begin and end dates of cartels are often ambiguous, despite competition authorities stating them with seeming precision. The legally established infringement period s , based on documentary evidence, need not coincide with the period s of actual cartel effects. In this paper, we study the consequences for antitrust damage estimation of using cartel dates that are different from the actual begin and end dates of the effects of the collusion. Obviously, different dates imply different periods and volumes purchased over which damages can be claimed — possibly more. It also affects estimation of the so-called but-for prices, which are the prices that most likely would have been paid in the absence of collusion.
GRAPHIC EXCLUSIVE — Los Zetas Cartel Cuts Face Off Innocent Victim
Nicole From 'Cartel Crew' Has a New Boyfriend Who's Been Accused of Cheating
It took three seasons to wrap up the narrative of Colombian kingpin Pablo Escobar on Narcos. But instead of calling it quits, the producers of the hit Netflix crime drama pivoted to another cartel hot spot south of the American border: Mexico. Closing in on the criminal activity associated with legendary cartels of the s, Narcos: Mexico premiered its newest season on Netflix on February And if you're anything like us, you've binged the entire season already — and crave something new to watch. From big-studio productions like Traffic and Scarface to shoestring independent films like Maria Full of Grace and City of God , the stories of battles at the border and illegal drug trade often make for the best projects. Not to mention, we include a guerilla-style documentary, Cartel Land , which drops you off at ground zero, the U. Happy bingeing!
Is 'Cartel Crew' Star Nicole Zavala Faking Her Relationship for the Cameras?
A cartel is a group of independent market participants who collude with each other in order to improve their profits and dominate the market. Cartels are usually associations in the same sphere of business, and thus an alliance of rivals. Most jurisdictions consider it anti-competitive behavior.
On the show, Nicole Zavala claims that she has been a victim of domestic violence. The guy then begins to accuse Nicole of having a boyfriend, which she denies. He put his hands on my face, trying to drag me out of the hotel room," she reveals. According to police documents obtained by the outlet, Nicole met Terrance out at a nightclub and was invited back to his hotel room.